Effective tobacco cultivation requires a combination of several critical conditions:
- Favorable climate: The leaves of plants should not experience sharp temperature changes in order to obtain high-quality tobacco products;
- The soil must not be too wet or too dry;
- Adequate moisture;
- Skilled tobacco growers.
In order to produce healthy and resilient plants, seeds are sprouted in special polystyrene trays with peat, then placed in pools inside a greenhouse. When the seedling reaches a maximum height of 15 cm, it is transplanted to an open field. Within 10-15 days after planting the seedlings in the field, an intensive greening of the upper leaves begins, then the stem grows quickly, and more and more new leaves appear. The formation of the plant lasts until the first flower appears. To improve the quality of the product and increase its weight, the top of the tobacco plant is broken off, the lateral canes and side branches removed. This operation is performed before the tobacco blooms; as a result, the sap is transferred to the leaves, and their mass increases.
When the time of harvesting arrives, yellow spots begin to appear on the leaves between the lateral veins; the leaves become sticky and rough.
Harvesting is a very important stage with tobacco, since it affects its quality; early harvesting, for example, produces a faint aroma and easily rotting plants when drying. Therefore, the collection of leaves in our fields is done manually, as the plants ripen: it starts with lower mature leaves, gradually moving to the upper ones. This makes tobacco more benign and valuable.
After a preliminary sorting, leaves are placed in a drying barn with hot air flows and compulsory ventilation. Once the drying process is complete, tobacco containers are removed from the oven, sorted and placed in cardboard boxes. After that, the tobacco is sent to a specialized workshop for further processing.